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Directions: The critical reasoning question is based on a short argument, a set of arguments, or a plan of action. For each question, select the best answer of the choices given and explain why the chosen answer is the right fit.

During an ongoing conversation between Mohit and Rohit, Mohit said, “The state of Punjab has been generally self-sufficient in both wheat as well as meat production. With the increase in per capita income in the state, Punjab has seen an increase in the consumption of meat. For producing a pound of meat, 5 pounds of wheat are required.”

To this Rohit replied, “With the state already using all of its land available to produce wheat, and with the increase in income, it can only be predicted that Punjab will have to import wheat at some point of time in order to keep with its meat and wheat demand.”

What could be the viewpoint of Rohit while replying to Mohit about the import of wheat?


1. The total land being used for wheat production will not decrease
2. The population of the state will not remain the same
3. The per capita consumption of meat is roughly the same as the per capita consumption of wheat
4. The consumption of wheat, other than what is used for meat production, will not decrease

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : The consumption of wheat, other than what is used for meat production, will not decrease

In the given case, the conclusion put forward by Rohit is that Punjab will need to import wheat as the consumption of wheat (due to an increase in meat consumption) will continue to increase.

Now, what if the consumption of wheat (other than for meat purposes) goes down? Does Punjab then need to import wheat?
No, it does not.
The given conclusion in Rohit’s statement is only valid if the overall consumption of wheat remains the same and this is taken care by the viewpoint put forward by option 4.

Remember, the area under cultivation or population does not impact the import; only the consumption figures do.

Hence, option 4 is the correct viewpoint of Rohit.

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