# Independent float is an amount of time by which the start of an activity may be delayed without affecting 1. the preceding or the following activity 2

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Independent float is an amount of time by which the start of an activity may be delayed without affecting

1. the preceding or the following activity

2. the start of a following activity

3. the completion of the project
1. 1 only
2. 2 only
3. 3 only
4. 1, 2 and 3

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : 1, 2 and 3

Concept:

Independent float is the time by which starting or finishing of an activity can be delayed without affecting the total float of its proceeding and succeeding activity.

It does not affect start of succeeding activity i.e. following activity.

It does not affect latest completion of preceding activity.

It only affects concerned activity.

Mathematically, it is given by:

FID= total float – head event slack – tail event slack

Other type of floats:

1. Total float: It is the time by which starting or finishing of an activity can be delayed without affecting the schedule completion period of a project. It affects both succeeding and proceeding activities.

Mathematically, it is given by

Ft = LST - EST or Ft = LFT – EFT

EST = Earliest Start time

EFT = Earliest Finish time

LST = Latest Start time

LFT = Latest finish time

2. Free float: In this only proceeding activity is affected and it is given by:

F = Ft – head event slack

3. Interfering float: It is just another name given to head event slack.