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Which of the following is termed as hazardous occupation under The Child and Adolescent Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986?

  1. Automobile workshops and garages.
  2. Working at slaughter houses.
  3. Caring of elephants.
  4. Circus.

1. I, II, III only.
2. I, II, IV only.
3. All of the above.
4. IV only.

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : All of the above.

All of the given options fall under the category of hazardous occupations. The act makes a list of hazardous occupation in Part A and processes in Part B of the Schedule.

Hazardous Occupation (Non-Industrial)

Hazardous Process (Industrial) (Some of them are: )

 

1.Transport of passengers, goods or mails by railways

2.Cinder picking, clearing of an ash pit or building operation in the railway premises

3.Work in a catering establishment at a railway station, involving the movement of a vendor or any other employee of the establishment from the one platform to another or in to or out of a moving train

4.Work relating to the construction of a railway station or with any other work where such work is done close to or between the railway lines

5.A port authority within the limits of any port

6.Work relating to the selling of crackers and fireworks in shops with temporary licenses

7.Abattoirs/Slaughter House

8.Automobile workshops and garages

9.Foundries

10.Handling of toxic or inflammable substances or explosives;

11.Handloom and power loom industry

12.Mines (underground and underwater) and collieries

13.Plastic units and fibreglass workshop

14.Domestic workers or servants

15.Dhabas (roadside eateries), restaurants, hotels, motels, tea shops, resorts, spas or other recreational centres

16.Diving

17.Caring of elephant

18.Working in the circus

1. Beedi-making, Aggarbatti’ manufacturing

2. Carpet-weaving including preparatory and incidental process thereof”;

3. Cement manufacture, including bagging of cement.

4. Cloth printing, dyeing and weaving including processes preparatory and incidental thereto:

5. Manufacture of matches, explosives and fireworks.

6. Mica-cutting and splitting.

7. Shellac manufacture.

8. Soap manufacture.

9. Tanning.

10. Wool-cleaning.

11. Building and construction industry including processing and polishing of granite stones”.

12. Manufacture of slate pencils (including packing).

13. Manufacture of products from agate.

14. Manufacturing processes using toxic metals and substances such as lead, mercury.

manganese, chromium, cadmium, benzene, pesticides and asbestos.

15. Cashew processing.

16. Soldering processes in electronic industries.

17. Brick kilns and Roof tiles units.

18. Detergent manufacturing.

19. Gem cutting and polishing.

20. Jute textile manufacture and coir making.

21. Lock Making.

22. Manufacture of dyes and dyestuff.

23. Oil expelling and refinery.

24. Papermaking.

25. Sawmill – all processes.

26. Sericulture processing.

27. Skinning, dyeing and processes for manufacturing of leather and leather products.

28. Stone breaking and stone crushing.

29. Tyre making, repairing, re-treading and graphite beneficiation.

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