LIVE Course for free

Rated by 1 million+ students
Get app now
0 votes
52 views
in Chemistry by (30.0k points)
closed by
At 300 K and 1 atmospheric pressure, 10 mL of a hydrocarbon required 55 mL of O2 for complete combustion, and 40 mL of CO2 is formed. The formula of the hydrocarbon is:
1. C4 H10
2. C4 H6
3. C4 H7 Cl
4. C4 H8

1 Answer

0 votes
by (25.6k points)
selected by
 
Best answer
Correct Answer - Option 2 : C4 H6

Concept:

Let, the hydrocarbon be CxHy

The general equation for hydrocarbon combustion be

\({C_x}{H_y} + \left( {x\, + \frac{y}{4}} \right){O_2}{\rm{\;}} \to xC{O_2}{\rm{\;}} + {\rm{\;}}\frac{y}{2}{H_2}0\)

Here the carbon has x number of moles and hydrogen has y number of moles in LHS.

So, x is placed before carbon dioxide, and \(\frac{y}{2}\) is placed before water and \(\left( {x\, + \frac{y}{4}} \right)\) by adding the RHS.

For 1 ml of hydrocarbon, the general equation will be written as,

\(1\;ml\; + \;\left( {x\, + \frac{y}{4}} \right)ml{\rm{\;}} \to x\;ml + {\rm{\;}}\frac{y}{2}{\rm{\;ml}}\)                       

Similarly, for 10 ml of hydrocarbon the general equation will be written as,

\(10\;ml\; + \;10\left( {x\, + \frac{y}{4}} \right)ml{\rm{\;}} \to 10x\;ml + 10.{\rm{\;}}\frac{y}{2}{\rm{\;ml}}\)

Calculation:

From the question, 10 mL of a hydrocarbon releases 40 mL of CO2

⇒ 10x = 40

⇒ x = 4

Similarly, from the question, oxygen produced is 55 ml, thus from the general equation given above,

\(10\left( {x + \frac{y}{4}} \right) = 55\)

\(\Rightarrow 10\left( {4 + \frac{y}{4}} \right) = 55\)

\(4 + \frac{y}{4} = \frac{{55}}{{10}}\)

\(\frac{y}{4} = 5.5 - 4\)

y = 1.5 × 4 = 6

∴ The required formula for Hydrocarbon is C4 H6

Welcome to Sarthaks eConnect: A unique platform where students can interact with teachers/experts/students to get solutions to their queries. Students (upto class 10+2) preparing for All Government Exams, CBSE Board Exam, ICSE Board Exam, State Board Exam, JEE (Mains+Advance) and NEET can ask questions from any subject and get quick answers by subject teachers/ experts/mentors/students.

Categories

...