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A sentence has been given in Active/Passive Voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active Voice.

Drought can lead to disaster thereby impacting food production.


1. Disaster can be impacted by drought leading food production.
2. Disaster can be lead by drought being impacted food production.
3. Disaster can be lead to by drought thereby impacting food production.
4. Disaster could be lead by drought impacting food production.

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Best answer
Correct Answer - Option 3 : Disaster can be lead to by drought thereby impacting food production.

The correct answer is Disaster can be lead to by drought thereby impacting food production.
:-

  • The active form of voice is used in the sentence.
  • Hence, it should be changed into the passive voice.
  • With reference to the statement, it describes that drought can lead to a disaster which will impact food production.
  • Let's look at the steps for changing the active voice into passive voice:-
    • The subject of the active voice 'Drought' becomes the object of the passive voice.
    • The object of the active voice 'Disaster' becomes the subject of the passive voice.
    • Since there is a modal verb 'can', therefore the passive voice will follow the given structure:-
      • Active Voice - modal verb + V1
      • Passive Voice - modal verb + be + V3
  • Options 1, 2 and 4 change the meaning of the sentence in the passive voice. 

Therefore, the correct passive voice is Disaster can be lead to by drought thereby impacting food production.

  • When we convert active voice to passive voice, three things need to be kept in mind:-
    • Change object into subject.
    • Change subject into object.
    • Always use third form of verb in passive voice.
    • Use 'by' before the new object.

 

TENSE

SENTENCE IN THE ACTIVE VOICE

SENTENCE IN THE PASSIVE VOICE

SIMPLE PRESENT

He sells flowers.

He does not sell books.

Does he sell flowers?

Flowers are sold by him.

Books are not sold by him.

Are flowers sold by him?

PRESENT PROGRESSIVE

He is selling flowers.

He is not selling books.

Does he not sell books?

Flowers are being sold by him.

Books are not being sold by him.

Are books not sold by him?

PRESENT PERFECT

He has completed the work.

He has not completed the work.

Has he completed the work?

The work has been completed by him.

The work has not been completed by him.

Has the work been completed by him?

SIMPLE PAST

He completed the work.

He did not complete the work.

 

Did he complete the work?

The work was completed by him.

The work was not completed by him.

Was the work completed by him?

PAST PROGRESSIVE

He was reading a book.

He was not reading a book.

Was he reading a book?

A book was being read by him.

A book was not being read by him.

 

Was a book being read by him?

PAST PERFECT

He had read the book

He had not read the book.

Had he read the book?

The book had been read by him.

The book had not been read by him.

Had the book been read by him?

SIMPLE FUTURE

She will write a letter.

She will not write a letter.

 

Will she write the letter?

A letter will be written by her.

A letter will not be written by her.

Will the letter be written by her?

FUTURE PERFECT

He will have written a letter.

He will not have written a letter.

Will he have written a letter?

A letter will have been written by him.

A letter will not have been written by him.

Will a letter have been written by him?

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