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Match the following and choose the correct answer :

Local winds Location
 a. Chinook  i. Gulf of Mexico
 b. Fohn  ii. USA
 c. Mistral  iii. Northern Italy
 d. Norte  iv. Alps region


1. a - ii, b - iii, c - iv, d - i
2. a - iv, b - iii, c - ii, d - i
3. a - i, b - iv, c - ii, d - iii
4. a - iv, b - ii, c - i, d - iii

1 Answer

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Best answer
Correct Answer - Option 1 : a - ii, b - iii, c - iv, d - i

The correct answer is a - ii, b - iii, c - iv, d - i.

Local winds Location
 a. Chinook ii. USA
 b. Fohn iii. Northern Italy
 c. Mistral iv. Alps region 
 d. Norte i. Gulf of Mexico

  • Foehn or Fohn
    • ​Foehn is a hot wind of local importance in the Alps.
      • It is a strong, gusty, dry, and warm wind that develops on the leeward side of a mountain range.
      • As the windward side takes away whatever moisture there is in the incoming wind in the form of orographic precipitation, the air that descends on the leeward side is dry and warm (Katabatic Wind).
    • The temperature of the wind varies between 15°C and 20°C.
      • The wind helps animal grazing by melting snow and aids the ripening of grapes.
  • Chinook
    • ​Foehn like winds in USA and Canada move down the west slopes of the Rockies and are known as
    • It is beneficial to ranchers east of the Rockies as it keeps the grasslands clear of snow during much of the winter.
  • Mistral
    • ​Mistral is one of the local names given to such winds that blow from the Alps over France towards the Mediterranean Sea.
    • It is channeled through the Rhine valley.
      • It is very cold and dry at a high speed.
    • It brings blizzards into southern France.
  • Sirocco
    • ​Sirocco is a Mediterranean wind that comes from the Sahara and reaches hurricane speeds in North Africa and Southern Europe.
    • It arises from a warm, dry, tropical air mass that is pulled northward by low-pressure cells moving eastward across the Mediterranean Sea, with the wind originating in the Arabian or Sahara deserts.
    • The hotter, drier continental air mixes with the cooler, wetter air of the maritime cyclone, and the counter-clockwise circulation of the low propels the mixed air across the southern coasts of Europe.
    • The Sirocco causes dusty dry conditions along the northern coast of Africa, storms in the Mediterranean Sea, and cool wet weather in Europe.

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