Correct Answer - Option 4 : Frobel
Education is the complete development of the individuality of the child so that he can make an original contribution to human life according to the best of his capacity.
Froebel, the founder of the kindergarten system. Froebel considered childhood as not merely a preparation for adulthood; rather, it has a value in itself and it possesses its own creativeness.
- According to him, the human being is the embodiment of rich inherent potentialities and it is the task of education (teacher) to help him develop, enhance and realize these potentialities.
- These innate potentialities are to be tapped right from the birth of a child and nurtured through his growth and development of adulthood.
Thus, it is concluded that the statement "The development of body should be of development of organs, sense organs, and strengths. However if possible it should be independent development of child's internal competencies. It's the teacher's role to teach the child how to live life", was stated by Frobel.
Rousseau: A French philosopher who has proposed 'Theory of Education' in which he emphasized that if children are allowed to develop naturally they will develop towards their fullest potential.
Rabindra Nath Tagore: He was a Bengali poet who has composed the National Anthem of India. He was a famous writer and philosopher and his famous book is 'Geetanjali'.
Mahatma Gandhi: He has emphasized the idea of “education through productive work” as the Wardha Scheme of Basic Education is the dynamic side of Gandhi's educational philosophy.