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Who among the following was one of the leaders who were instrumental in convincing Mahatma Gandhi about the need to start a non-cooperation movement in support of The Khilafat?
1. Shaukat Ali
2. Mohammad Ali Jinnah
3. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
4. Abdul Ghaffar Khan

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Shaukat Ali

The correct answer is Shaukat Ali.

  • Shaukat Ali was instrumental in convincing Mahatma Gandhi about the need to start a non-cooperation movement in support of The Khilafat.
  • This Khilafat movement was launched in Defence of the Caliphate, led in India by the two Brothers Muḥammad and Shaukat Ali and by Abul Kalam Azad.
  • Some of the leaders joined Forces with Mahatma Gandhi's Non-Cooperation Movement for Indian freedom, promising Non-Violence in return for his support of the Khilafat Movement.
  • The Khilafat Movement was started to support the Sultan of Turkey whom the population of Muslims in India considered their Religious Head.
  • The three main objectives of the movement were:​
    • The Ottoman Caliphate should retain its Empire in Turkey.
    • The Caliph must be provided with sufficient Territory so as to enable him to defeat the Islamic Faith all around the world.
    • The Arab lands that are Syria, Iraq, Palestine, and Arabia, must stay under Muslim rule.

  • Mohammad Ali Jinnah served as the leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until the inception of Pakistan on 14 August 1947.
  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress. He became the first Minister of Education in the Indian government.
  • Abdul Ghaffar Khan was a Pashtun independence activist against British colonial rule in India. He was called the Frontier Gandhi.

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