Correct Answer - Option 4 : All of the above
The teaching method is a way to put theory in practice with the help of principles, pedagogy, and management strategies. It helps the teachers to plan and present the lesson coherently. There are a variety of teaching methods that can be used by the teacher for teaching theory and skills in the classroom setting.
The term ‘Heuristic’ has its origin in the Greek word ‘Heurisco’ means “I find out’. In this method, learners are independent investigators. It is a problem-centered strategy that is good for developing scientific skills and scientific temper among learners.
It has a distinguished difference from the project method where learners do their work in continuous observation and guidance of the teacher but in the heuristic method, no help or guidance is provided by teachers once the problem is identified.
- The expression ‘discovery learning’ refers to those situations in which the learner achieves the instructional objectives by testing hypotheses and developing generalizations and with little or no guidance from the teacher.
- The effectiveness of discovery learning as a problem-centered method lies in the fact that it requires the individual learner to find out the solution to a problem.
Thus, it is concluded that Project, Heuristic, and Discovery all are problem-centered strategies.