Correct Answer - Option 2 : CLR
The Common Language Runtime (CLR), the virtual machine component of Microsoft .NET Framework manages the execution of .NET programs. The CLR provides additional services including memory management, type safety, exception handling, garbage collection, security, and thread management.
Hence the correct answer is CLR.
- .NET Framework, the Common Type System (CTS) is a standard that specifies how type definitions and specific values of types are represented in computer memory. It is intended to allow programs written in different programming languages to easily share information.
CLS stands for Common Language Specification and it is a subset of CTS. It defines a set of rules and restrictions that every language must follow which runs under the .NET framework. The languages which follow this set of rules are said to be CLS Compliant.