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The state of India associated with saffron production is
1. Assam
2. West Bengal
3. Jammu & Kashmir
4. Sikkim

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Jammu & Kashmir

Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) perennial herb that belongs to the Iris family Iridaceae and is the most expensive spice in the world known for its aroma and colour and used for flavouring and colouring and in medicinal, pharmaceutical industries. 

Saffron production: 

  • Saffron, golden-coloured, pungent stigmas (pollen-bearing structures) of the autumn crocus (Crocus sativus).
  • It is used as a spice to flavour foods and as a dye to colour foods and other products.
  • Saffron has a strong, exotic aroma and a bitter taste and is used to colour and flavour many Mediterranean and Asian dishes.
  • The colour, flavour and aroma of saffron are mainly due to crocin, picrocrocin and safranal, respectively.
  • Due to its very high crocin content and rich aroma, the Kashmir saffron is famous worldwide
  • Saffron is cultivated chiefly in Iran but is also grown in Spain, France, Italy (on the lower spurs of the Apennines Range), and parts of India.

Other Production in Jammu and Kashmir:

  • Agricultural exports from Jammu and Kashmir include apples, barley, cherries, corn, millet, oranges, rice, peaches, pears, saffron, sorghum, vegetables, and wheat, while manufactured exports include handicrafts, rugs, and shawls.

Thus, the state of India associated with saffron production in Jammu & Kashmir.

 

Assam:

  • Assam also accounts for a fair share of India's production of rice, rapeseed, mustard, jute, potato, sweet potato, banana, papaya, areca nut and turmeric.
  • Assam is also a home of large varieties of citrus fruits, leaf vegetables, vegetables, useful grasses, herbs, spices, etc. which are mostly subsistence crops.

West Bengal:

  • The state is the largest source of the important food crop of rice.
  • West Bengal is also the second-largest fish producing state.
  • Apart from these, jute, sugarcane and wheat are the top crops of the state.
  • Other major food crops include maize, pulses, oilseeds, wheat, barley, and vegetables.
  • West Bengal accounts for nearly 10% of the country's edible oil production.

Sikkim: 

  • Among the chief crops grown in Sikkim are: Wheat, Paddy, Maize, Barley, Buck wheat, Cardamom, Potatoes, Tea, etc.

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