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The Congress annual session of December 1929 in Lahore was significant because of:
1. Indians becoming self-reliant
2. commitment to Purna Swaraj
3. the work done by the people of the country
4. the overwhelming majority 

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : commitment to Purna Swaraj

The correct answer is the commitment to Purna Swaraj.

  • The Indian National Congress, on 19 December 1929, passed the historic 'Purna Swaraj' (total independence) resolution at its Lahore session.
  • A public declaration was made on 26 Jan 1930- a day which the Congress Party urged Indians to celebrate as 'Independence Day.'
  • Jawaharlal Nehru was elected as President of the Indian National Congress in December 1929 at its annual session in the city of Lahore.
  • In 1929, Lord Irwin, then Viceroy of India, made a vague announcement, referred to as the Irwin Declaration that India would be granted dominion status in the future.
  • This was the day when for the first time the nationalists unfurled the tricolor.

  •  India National Congress​
    • The India National Congress (INC) was formed by Allan Octavian Hume in 1885.
    • INC was the first modern nationalist movement to emerge in the British Empire in Asia and Africa and it grew to become one of the most important political parties in pre-independence India.
    • The first session of INC was held in Bombay from 28-31 Dec 1885 under the chairmanship of W.C. Bonnerjee.
    • The session of the INC is held at the gap of one year.
    • From the late 19th century and especially after 1920 Congress became the principal leader of the Indian independence movement under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi.
    • Congress lead India to independence from Great Britain and powerfully influenced other anti-colonial nationalist movements in the British Empire.

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