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___________ was celebrated as the First War of Indian Independence.
1. The Uprising of 1857
2. The Rowlatt Satyagraha of 1919
3. The Santhal Revolt of 1855-56
4. The Civil War of 1861

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : The Uprising of 1857

The correct answer is The Uprising of 1857.

  • The First War of Indian Independence was fought in the year 1857.
  • It is also known as the Indian Sepoy Mutiny of 1857.
  • It was called The First War of Indian Independence by V.D Savarkar.
  • He authored a book called ‘The History of the War of Indian Independence’ in which he stated his views and announced the mutiny as the First War of Indian Independence.
  • Lord Canning (1856-1862) was the Governor-General of India/ Viceroy of India during this revolt.

  • Rowlatt Satyagraha was a nationwide satyagraha against the proposed Rowlatt Act (1919).
    • It was launched by Mahatma Gandhi in 1919.
    • Rowlatt satyagraha made Gandhiji a truly national leader.
  • The Santhal Revolt took place in 1855-56.
    • This was the first peasant revolt that occurred in India.
    • The revolt can be attributed to the introduction of the Permanent Land Settlement of 1793.

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