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Which of the following Acts introduced federal features and provincial autonomy in the legislature and also made provisions for the distribution of legislative powers between the Centre and the provinces?
1. The Government of India Act, 1858
2. The Government of India Act, 1919
3. The Government of India Act, 1935
4. Indian Councils Act, 1909

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : The Government of India Act, 1935

The correct answer is The Government of India Act, 1935.  

  • The Government of India Act, 1935 introduced federal features and provincial autonomy in the legislature and also made provisions for the distribution of legislative powers between the Centre and the provinces.
  • The Government of India Act was passed by the British Parliament in August 1935 and came into effect in 1937 With 321 sections and 10 schedules. 
  • This was the longest act passed by British Parliament so far and was later split into two parts: Government of India Act 1935 and Government of Burma Act 1935.
  • This act ended the system of dyarchy introduced by the Government of India Act, 1919, and provided for the establishment of a Federation of India to be made up of provinces of British India and some or all of the Princely states.
  • Most scholars view the Act as a significant development in India’s constitutional and political history and agree that it was informed by a need to protect British interests rather than promoting self-government in India.

Act Description
The Government of India Act, 1858

The Government of India Act 1858 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed on 2 August 1858.

Its provisions called for the liquidation of the British East India Company. 

Government of India Act 1858 provided that India was to be governed directly and in the name of the crown. This act abolished the company rule, abolished the Court of directors, and abolished the Board of control.

This act abolished the Dual Government introduced by the Pitt's India act.

The Government of India Act, 1919

The Government of India Act 1919 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

It was passed to expand the participation of Indians in the government of India.

The Act embodied the reforms recommended in the report of the Secretary of State for India, Edwin Montagu, and the Viceroy, Chelmsford. The Act covered ten years, from 1919 to 1929.

Indian Councils Act, 1909

Indian Councils Act of 1909, also called Morley-Minto Reforms, was a series of reform measures enacted in 1909 by the British Parliament.

The Act introduced the elective principle to membership in the imperial and local legislative councils in India. The act was formulated by John Morley, secretary of state for India (1905–10).

 

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