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The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) _______ List is a critical indicator of the health of the world’s biodiversity.
1. Orange
2. Black
3. Red
4. Violet

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Red

The correct answer is Red.

  • International Union for Conservation of Nature
    • IUCN is an international organization that aims to conserve nature and sustainable use of natural resources.
    • It maintains Red Data Book for species and its headquarters is located at Gland, Switzerland.
    • It classifies species into 9 different categories.
    • ​IUCN has observer and consultative status at the United Nations.

  • 9 category classification of IUCN-
  1. Extinct (EX) – No known individuals remaining.
  2. Extinct in the wild (EW) – Known only to survive in captivity
  3. Critically endangered (CR) – Extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
  4. Endangered (EN) – High risk of extinction in the wild.
  5. Vulnerable (VU) – High risk of endangerment in the wild.
  6. Near threatened (NT) – Probability to become endangered soon.
  7. Least concern (LC) – Lowest risk.
  8. Data deficient (DD) – Not enough data to assess its risk of extinction.
  9. Not evaluated (NE) – Has not yet been evaluated against the criteria

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