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Which of the following Buddhist literature contains the Buddha’s sermons on matters of ethics and doctrine?
1. Vinayaka Pitaka
2. Jataka Stories
3. Abhidamma Pitaka
4. Sutta Pitaka

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : Sutta Pitaka

The correct answer is Sutta Pitaka.

  • Sutta Pitaka:
    • The Sutta Pitaka consists of the main teaching or Dhamma of Buddha.
    • It is divided into five Nikayas or collections:
      • Digha Nikaya
      • Majjhima Nikaya
      • Samyutta Nikaya
      • Anguttara Nikaya
      • Khuddaka Nikaya

  • The Buddha's teaching was oral.
  • He taught for 45 years, adapting the teaching to suit the group he was addressing.
  • The Sangha memorized the teachings, and there were group recitations at festivals and special occasions.
  • The teachings were rehearsed and authenticated at the First Council and were divided into Three Pitakas in 483 BC.
  • His teachings were written down around 25 B.C.E. in Pali.
  • The Vinaya Pitaka consists of rules of conduct and discipline applicable to the monastic life of the monks and nuns.
  • The Abhidhamma Pitaka is a philosophical analysis and systematization of the teaching and the scholarly activity of the monks.
  • Other important Buddhist texts include Divyavadana, Dipavamsa, Mahavamsa, Milind Panha, etc.

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