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The __________ Pact was an agreement reached between the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League at the Joint session of both the parties in December 1916.
1. lucknow
2. Kanpur
3. Allahabad
4. Meerut

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : lucknow

The correct answer is Lucknow

  • Lucknow Pact of the Indian National congress happened in 1916 and was a treaty between Indian National Congress and Muslim League.
  • The Lucknow Pact put forward common political demands before the government including the demand for self-government for India after the World War.
  • The pact was important in that it enhanced the League’s power in Indian politics and established communalism as an unavoidable part of Indian politics.
  • The Lucknow Pact gave the impression of Hindu-Muslim unity in the national political scene. But it increased communalism in India.

 

  • Key Features of the Lucknow Pact:
    • There shall be self-government in India.
    • Muslims should be given 1/3rd representation in the Central government.
    • There should be separate electorates for all the communities until they ask for a joint electorate.
    • The number of members of the Central Legislative Council should be increased to 150. The term of CLC should be 5 years.
    • The Indian Council must be abolished.

INC session location Year (in order) President (in order)
Kanpur 1899,1925, 1936 R.C. Dutt, Sarojini Naidu, Jawaharlal Nehru
Allahabad 1888, 1892, 1910 George Yule, W.C. Banerjee, William Wedderburn
Meerut 1946 J.B. Kriplani

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