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The Lion Capital of Ashoka was on a pillar in _______.
1. Kannauj
2. Gautam Buddha Nagar
3. Sambhal
4. Sarnath

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : Sarnath

The correct answer is Sarnath.

  • The Lion Capital was originally a part of the pillar constructed by Ashoka, the great emperor of the Mauryan dynasty who created the largest empire of ancient India.
  • The Lion Capital discovered more than a hundred years ago at Sarnath, near Varanasi, is generally referred to as Sarnath Lion Capital.
  • It is one of the finest examples of sculpture from the Mauryan period and was built by Ashoka in commemoration of ‘Dhammachakrapravartana’ or the first sermon of Buddha.
  • The capital has four Asiatic lions seated back to back and their facial muscularity is very strong.
  • Abacus (drum on the bell base) has the depiction of a chakra (wheel) in all four directions and a bull, a horse, an elephant and a lion between every chakra.
  • Each chakra has 24 spokes in it.
  • The capital was adopted as the National Emblem of India after independence without the crowning wheel and the lotus base.

  •  Originally, the capital had five components:
    • The shaft (now broken into many parts).
    • A lotus base bell.
    • A drum on the base bell with 4 animals proceeding clockwise (abacus).
    • Figures of 4 lions.
    • The crowning part, a large wheel (this is also broken and displayed at the museum).

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