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Arrange the ancient cities and kingdoms given below from North to South - Kanauj, Ajanta, Aihole
1. Aihole, Kanauj, Ajanta
2. Kanauj, Ajanta, Aihole
3. Kanauj, Aihole, Ajanta
4. Ajanta, Aihole, Kanauj

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Kanauj, Ajanta, Aihole

The correct answer is Kanauj, Ajanta, Aihole.

  • Kanauj:
    • Kanauj is one of the most ancient places of India having a rich archaeological and cultural heritage. 
    • The ancient name of this place is Kanyakubja or Mahodya (as per Balmiki Ramayana, Mahabharat and Puran).
    • Battle of Kanauj is the most significant battle which was fought between the Mughal emperor Humayun and Afghan Sher Shah Suri.
    • The battle of Kanauj was fought in the year 1540 CE.
    • In the battle of Kannauj, the Afghan soldiers were able to run away from the Mughal army. 
    • Humayun ran away from the battlefield.
    • For the next 15 years, Humayun lived like a wanderer. 
    • Another famous event of Kanauj:
      • ​The tripartite struggle for Kanauj was fought between The Palas, The Gurjara-Pratiharas, and the Rashtrakutas.
      • The major cause of this continuous struggle was the desire to possess the city of Kanauj, which was then a symbol of sovereignty.
      • Another cause was the control of the fertile region of the Ganga Valley.

  • Aihole: 
    • ​Aihole has been a part of Hindu mythologies.
    • Currently, It is situated in the Bagalkote district of Karnataka.
    • Once the capital of the early Chalukyan dynasty (6th to 8th centuries), Aihole is a picturesque village on the banks of the Malaprabha river.
    • Aihole is historically famous as the cradle of Hindu temple architecture.
    • There are about 125 temples divided into 22 groups scattered all over the villages and nearby fields.
    • Most of these temples were built between the 6th & 8th centuries and some even earlier.
  • Ajanta:
    • It is located in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra.
    • A set of 29 caves, Ajanta is among the finest examples of some of the earliest Buddhist architecture, cave paintings, and sculptures.
    • These caves comprise Chaitya halls or shrines, dedicated to Lord Buddha and Viharas or monasteries, used by Buddhist monks for meditation and the study of Buddhist teachings. 
    • Among the most interesting paintings are the Jataka tales, illustrating diverse stories relating to the previous incarnations of the Buddha as Bodhisattva, a saintly being who is destined to become the Buddha. 

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