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Read the following:

(a) Tropical forests are found in Andaman and Nicobar Islands

(b) Monsoon forests are found in Shiwalik Hills and Chotanagpur plateau

(c) Hill forests are found in Southern India and the Himalayan region

(d) Tidal forests are found in Central India

Which of the above statement is correct?


1. (a)
2. (b)
3. (c)
4. (d)

1 Answer

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : (b)

The correct answer is (b).

  • Monsoon forests
    • Monsoon forests are found on the western slopes of the Western Ghats.
    • The moist deciduous forests are found in Shiwalik foothills, Bhabar, Tarai, Chhota Nagpur Plateau, the North-eastern Deccan Plateau, and the North-south strip to the east of the Western Ghats.
    • The dry deciduous forests are grown in Central India where rainfall is comparatively less.

  • Hill forests are found in the North and the South.
    • In the North, it is found in the region to the east of Nepal into Arunachal Pradesh, at a height of 1800–3000 meters, receiving a minimum rainfall of 2000 mm.
    • In the South, it is found in parts of the Niligiri Hills, the higher reaches of Kerala.
  • The tidal or mangrove forests are found in the deltas of all major rivers – Ganga – Brahmaputra Delta (the Sunderbans), the deltas of the Mahanadi, the Godavari, the Krishna, and the Kaveri.
    • These areas receive more than 200 cm of annual rainfall.
  • Tropical forests are found in Asia, Australia, Africa, South America, Central America, Mexico and on many of the Pacific Islands.
    • Rainforest trees are quite different from trees of temperate forests. 
    • Most tropical rainforests fall between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.

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