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Special Tiger Protection Force (STPF) was established to protect the tigers of Corbett National Park, in the year :
1. 2011 A. D.
2. 2012 A. D.
3. 2013 A. D.
4. 2014 A. D.

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : 2013 A. D.

​The correct answer is 2013 A. D.

  • Special Tiger Protection Force (STPF) was established to protect the tigers of Corbett National Park, in the year 2013 A. D.


  • The Uttarakhand government has decided to form a Special Tiger Force (STF) for Corbett Tiger Reserve (CTR) in 2013.
  • The force will have 85 posts & will help serve as the much-needed second layer of protection for the big cat at the CTR.
  • The STPF will be effective in checking illegal human intrusion into the reserve through villages located on its fringes.
  • The decision was taken by the State Cabinet in line with Government of India (GoI) guidelines for providing 3-tier protection to tigers at reserves.
    • The first layer of protection is provided in the inner range by beat-level forest guards through regular patrols.
    • The second layer of protection is what the STPF will take care of.
    • The third layer of protection comes from intelligence-gathering mechanisms in which forest, police and central intelligence agency personnel work together to prevent crimes like the poaching of tigers.


Jim Corbett National Park

  • Jim Corbett National Park, which is a part of the largest Corbett Tiger Reserve, a Project Tiger Reserve lies in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand and was named after hunter and naturalist Jim Corbett.
  • The magical landscape of Corbett is well known and fabled for its tiger richness.
  • Established in the year 1936 as Hailey National Park, Corbett has the glory of being India's oldest and most prestigious National Park.
  • It is also being honored as the place where Project Tiger was first launched in 1973.
  • This unique tiger territory is best known as the father who gave birth to the Project Tiger in India to protect the most endangered species and the Royal of India called Tigers.
  • Spans over an extent of 520 square kilometers, its whole area comprises hills, marshy depressions, riverine belts, grasslands, and a large lake.
  • Nature watch and wildlife viewing in the park is done in an open four-wheeler Jeep and on elephant back.
  • Sheltering a healthy population of tigers and rare species like Otters and the endemic fish-eating crocodile, the national park is one of the most sought-after destinations for wildlife buffs.
  • Dhikala, situated at the border of the extensive Patil Dun valley, is the most popular destination.

 

 

  • The total number of national parks in India - 104.
  • Largest National park in India - Hemis ​National park (Ladakh).
  • Smallest National park in India - South Button Island National Park (Andaman and Nicobar Island).
  • First Marine National Park - Gulf of Kutchh National Park (Gujarat).
  • Floating National Park - Keibul Lamjao National Park (Manipur).

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