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Match the following:

 P) Thorndike  1) Libido
 Q) Ivan Pavlov  2) Collective unconscious
 R) Sigmund Freud  3) Animal intelligence
 S) Carl Gustav Jung  4) Spatial visualization
   5) Stimulus generalization

 


1. P-2, Q-5, R-3, S-1
2. P-3, Q-5, R-1, S-2
3. P-5, Q-4, R-2, S-3
4. P-4, Q-3, R- 2, S-5

1 Answer

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : P-3, Q-5, R-1, S-2

  • Animal intelligence(an experimental study of the associative processes in animals) book has been written by E.L.Thorndike. Thorndike also gave theory on stimulus-response, trial and error, and rules of learning. He is the father of animal psychology and educational Psychology. He also wrote the book Education psychology, Education: a first book.  
  • Stimulus Generalization is when an organism responds to a new stimulus in the same way as a previously encountered stimulus, based on the similarity of the stimuli and the organism’s history of reinforcement with the previous stimulus. For example, imagine a very young boy encountering different breeds. This term is given by Ivan Pavlov. One famous psychology experiment perfectly illustrated how stimulus generalization works. In the classic Little Albert experiment, researchers John B. Watson and Rosalie Rayner conditioned a little boy to fear a white rat.  
  • Libido is a person's overall sexual drive or desire for sexual activity. In psychoanalytic theory, libido is a psychic drive or energy, particularly associated with sexual instinct, but also present in other instinctive desires and drives. Libido is influenced by biological, psychological, and social factors. Biologically, the sex hormones and associated neurotransmitters that act upon the nucleus accumbens (primarily testosterone and dopamine, respectively) regulate libido in humans. Social factors, such as work and family, and internal psychological factors, such as personality and stress, can affect libido. Libido can also be affected by medical conditions, medications, lifestyle and relationship issues, and age. This term has been given by Sigmund Freud.
  • According to Carl Jung, the psychiatrist who developed the concept, the collective unconscious is inherited from previous generations of humans. The collective unconscious is not dependent upon our personal experiences, rather the collective unconscious is passed down to us from our ancestors. 

  • Spatial visualization ability or visual-spatial ability is the ability to mentally manipulate 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional figures. It is typically measured with simple cognitive tests and is predictive of user performance with some kinds of user interfaces. 

Hence, we can conclude that the right answer to this question is P-3, Q-5, R-1, S-2.

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