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Who declared "Either they will give us the government or we shall take it by descending on Rome" ?
1. F.D. Rarewelt
2. Mussolini
3. General Franko
4. Adolf Hittler

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Mussolini
Benito Mussolini was the founder of the fascist party in Italy.
  • Mussolini drew support from a wide range of Italians.  Business owners, government officials, and landowners wanted a strong government that would end strikes and curb working-class political power.
  • Fascism also spread to Italy’s middle class, including university students, shopkeepers, and professional people.
  • By early 1922 the Fascist Party had more than 300,000 members and controlled several major Italian cities.

In October 1922, Mussolini made his bid for power. 

  • Speaking at a giant rally of his followers, he said, “Either they will give us the government or we shall take it by descending on Rome.”
  • A few days later, thousands of Fascists began a march on Rome. 
  • When key officials in the government, army and the police sided with the Fascists, King Victor Emmanuel III made Mussolini head of the Italian government.
  • Mussolini saw democracy as a weak and ineffective system.  He created a dictatorship in which the Fascist Party would have complete control.
  • He cracked down on other political parties, started a secret police force to spy on possible enemies, and had many of his opponents thrown into jail.
  • The government also took over the press.

Thus, it is clear that Mussolini declared "Either they will give us the government or we shall take it by descending on Rome".

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