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In which year Louis XVI was guillotine by the Republic Government ?
1. 21 March, 1792
2. 21 March, 1793
3. 21 January, 1793
4. 21 February, 1793

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : 21 January, 1793

Louis XVI

  • Louis XVI of the Bourbon dynasty was the ruler of France during the French Revolution.

  • He was referred to as Citizen Louis Capet during the four months just before he was executed by guillotine.
  • In 1765, upon the death of his father, Louis, Dauphin of France, he became the new Dauphin.
  • He was the last king of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution.

  • The first part of his reign was marked by attempts to reform the French government in accordance with Enlightenment ideas.
  • These included efforts to abolish serfdom, remove the taille (land tax) and the corvée (labour tax), and increase tolerance toward non-Catholics as well as the abolition of the death penalty for deserters.
  • One day after being convicted of conspiracy with foreign powers and sentenced to death by the French National Convention, King Louis XVI is executed by guillotine in the Place de la Revolution in Paris.
  • Louis ascended to the French throne in 1774 and from the start was unsuited to deal with the severe financial problems that he had inherited from his grandfather, King Louis XV.
  • In 1789, in a last-ditch attempt to resolve his country’s financial crisis, Louis assembled the States-General, a national assembly that represented the three “estates” of the French people—the nobles, the clergy and the commons.
  • The States-General had not been assembled since 1614, and the third estate—the commons—used the opportunity to declare itself the National Assembly, igniting the French Revolution.
  • On July 14, 1789, violence erupted when Parisians stormed the Bastille—a state prison where they believed ammunition was stored.
  • In August 1792, the royal couple was arrested by the sans-culottes and imprisoned, and in September the monarchy was abolished by the National Convention (which had replaced the National Assembly).
  • ​In November, evidence of Louis XVI’s counterrevolutionary intrigues with Austria and other foreign nations was discovered, and he was put on trial for treason by the National Convention. The next January, Louis was convicted and condemned to death by a narrow majority.
  • On January 21, he walked steadfastly to the guillotine and was executed. Nine months later, Marie Antoinette was convicted of treason by a tribunal, and on October 16 she followed her husband to the guillotine.

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