Correct Answer - Option 2 : Clinical psychology
Clinical psychologists perform psychotherapy; investigates clinical problems and develops methods of treatment. This field emphasises the diagnosis, causes, and treatment of severe psychological disorders and emotional troubles. Confusion between the fields of clinical psychology and psychiatry occurs because both clinical psychologists and psychiatrists provide psychotherapy. And both usually work together in many hospitals/clinics. That is why many people get confused regarding the difference between the two. Well, they belong to two different groups of professionals and differ in their educational background as well as ways of diagnosis and treatment.
- Clinical psychologists carry out research to find out better ways of diagnosing, treating, and preventing psychological disorders.
- They also rely heavily on standardised tests for identifying the causes of these disorders.
- They use psychotherapy, for which they are trained, for the treatment of mental disorders. But clinical psychologists are not authorised to prescribe drugs to treat behaviour disorders, as they do not have medical training.
- Also, they cannot refer a patient to a hospital, for care and treatment. Whenever there is a possibility of a medical disorder, a patient should be examined by a psychiatrist or other physician.
Thus from the above-mentioned points, it is clear that clinical psychology deals with the study, diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders.
Educational psychology: Educational Psychology investigates classroom dynamics, teaching styles, and learning; develops educational tests, evaluates educational programs. It investigates all aspects of the educational process ranging from curriculum design to techniques of instruction to learning disabilities.