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who among the following devised the autoclave used for sterilization?
1. Charles Chamberland
2. Robert Koch
3. Edward Jenner
4. Anton van Leeuwenhoek

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Charles Chamberland

Concept:

  • Charles Chamberland invented autoclaving sterilization in 1879.
  • An autoclave is used to sterilize surgical equipment and other items of laboratory and pharmacy.
  • It varies in shape and size.
  • It uses steam to kill bacteria and spores.

Explanation:

  • Temperature: 121-degree C
  • Pressure: 15 psi
  • Time: at least 30 minutes.

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