Correct Answer - Option 2 : President on the recommendation of the Supreme Court
The correct answer is President on the recommendation of the Supreme Court.
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC): The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is the central recruiting agency in India.
- It is an independent constitutional body in the sense that it has been directly created by the Constitution.
Articles 315 to 323 in Part XIV of the Constitution contain elaborate provisions regarding the composition, appointment, and removal of members along with the independence, powers, and functions of the UPSC.
- The tenure of Chairman as well as other members of UPSC is of 6 years or 65 years of age whichever is earlier.
Composition of UPSC:
- The UPSC consists of a chairman and other members appointed by the president of India.
- The chairman and members of the Commission hold office for a term of six years or until they attain the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.
- However, they can relinquish their offices at any time by addressing their resignation to the president.
- They can also be removed before the expiry of their term by the president in the manner provided in the Constitution.
- The President can remove the chairman or any other member of UPSC from the office under the following circumstances:
- If he is adjudged an insolvent (that is, has gone bankrupt);
- If he engages, during his term of office, in any paid employment outside the duties of his office; or
- If he is, in the opinion of the president, unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of mind or body.
- In addition to these, the president can also remove the chairman or any other member of UPSC for misbehavior.
Thus, the member of UPSC can be removed from the office before the expiry of the term by the President.