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When was the Right to Information Act passed?
1. 2002
2. 2003
3. 2004
4. 2005

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : 2005

Right to Information Act, 2005:

  • Right to information is a right granted to every citizen of India under the Right to Information Act, 2005 and it came into force on 12 October 2005.
  • It is not a Fundamental Right.
  • The RTI act replaced the Freedom of Information Act 2002.
  • The Right to Information Act relaxes restrictions placed by Official Secrets Act 1923.
  • Objectives of the RTI Act:
    • To empower citizens to question the responsible government.
    • It promotes transparency and accountability in the working system of the government.
  • Institutions under the purview of RTI are:
    • All the constitutional bodies at centre and state i.e. Legislature, Executive, Judiciary, NGOs owned or financed by government, privatized public utility companies.
  • Institutions  and government bodies that are excluded under RTI:
    • Central Intelligence and Security Agencies, agencies of state which are specified through notification.

​Thus, in 2005 Right to Information Act came into existence.

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