Correct Answer - Option 4 : 2005
Right to Information Act, 2005:
- Right to information is a right granted to every citizen of India under the Right to Information Act, 2005 and it came into force on 12 October 2005.
- It is not a Fundamental Right.
- The RTI act replaced the Freedom of Information Act 2002.
- The Right to Information Act relaxes restrictions placed by Official Secrets Act 1923.
Objectives of the RTI Act:
- To empower citizens to question the responsible government.
- It promotes transparency and accountability in the working system of the government.
Institutions under the purview of RTI are:
- All the constitutional bodies at centre and state i.e. Legislature, Executive, Judiciary, NGOs owned or financed by government, privatized public utility companies.
Institutions and government bodies that are excluded under RTI:
- Central Intelligence and Security Agencies, agencies of state which are specified through notification.
Thus, in 2005 Right to Information Act came into existence.