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Who among the following gave evidence before the Joint Select Committee on the Government of India Bill,1919 in favour of female franchise?

1. Mrs. Annie Basant

2. Mrs Sarojini Naidu

3. Mrs Hira bai Tata

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

1. 1 only
2. 1 and 2 only
3. 2 and 3 only
4. 1, 2 and 3

1 Answer

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Best answer
Correct Answer - Option 4 : 1, 2 and 3

The correct answer is 1,2 and 3.

  • Sarojini Naidu, Annie Besant, Hirabai Tata, Mithan Tata went to London in the year 1919 to give evidence before the Joint Parliamentary Committee on the Government of India Bill and received warm support from the British Women's organizations like the Women's Freedom League and the Women's International League. Hence option 4 is correct.
  • Women’s suffrage in India
    • The woman suffrage movement in India first gathered momentum due to female participation in the freedom struggle, beginning with the Swadeshi Movement in Bengal (1905-08), as well as support from British suffragists.
    • Different provinces of British India thus extended limited suffrage rights to women in the 1920’s. The Government of India Act 1935 expanded women’s suffrage and even provided reserved seats for women in central and provincial legislatures.
    • Full voting rights were awarded the passing of the Indian Constitution in 1950, which provided for universal adult suffrage.

  • Article 326 of the Constitution of India deals with elections to the Houses and the State Legislative Assemblies based on universal adult suffrage.
  • The article before being amended by the 61st Amendment stated that any citizen of India who is 21 years or above, and who is not disqualified on any other grounds such as non-residence, crime, corrupt or illegal practices, or unsoundness of mind, is eligible to vote at an election.
  • The proposal to reduce the voting age to 18 years was brought about to increase the participation of the youth in the electoral process of the country.
  • Today, in India about 52 lakh voters are 18 years of age and they do play a decisive role in the outcome of the elections happening in India.

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