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In collaboration with David Hare and Alexander Duff who of the following established Hindu College at Calcutta?
1. HLV Derozio
2. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
3. Keshab Chandra Sen
4. Raja Rammohan Roy

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : Raja Rammohan Roy

The correct answer is Raja Rammohan Roy.

  • In collaboration with David Hare and Alexander Duff, Raja Rammohan Roy established Hindu College at Calcutta in 1817.
  • In 1825, Raja Rammohan Roy established Vedanta college where courses in both Indian learning and Western social and physical sciences were offered.
  • Raja Ram Mohan Roy was the social reformer who worked hard for the abolition of this 'Sati Pratha' ritual.
    • Ram Mohan Roy was given the title of 'Raja' by Akbar II, the Mughal emperor, who sent him to England to represent him.
    • He started India’s first English medium school in 1816 in Kolkata that later came to be known as the Anglo-Hindu school.
    • Roy founded the Brahmo Samaj in 1828. This move is often credited with playing an important role in reforming and modernizing Indian society.
    • He is often called the 'Father of Indian Renaissance. Freedom fighter Gopal Krishna Gokhale called Roy the 'Father of Modern India'.
  • Due to the fierce campaign and lobbying of Raja Rammohan Roy and others, Sati practice was formally banned in all the lands under Bengal Presidency by Lord William Bentinck on 4 December 1829.

HLV Derozio
  • He is a teacher of Hindu college, Calcutta who promoted radical ideas and encouraged his pupils to question all authority.
  • He established the Young Bengal Movement in 1826.
    • The students of Derozio attacked the tradition and custom, demanding education for women and campaigned for the freedom of thought and expression.
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
  • He was a philosopher, academic educator, writer, translator, printer, publisher, entrepreneur, reformer, and philanthropist.
  • He introduced the practice of widow remarriage and pushed for the Widow Remarriage Act XV of 1856.
  • He reconstructed the Bengali alphabet called 'Borno Porichoy' (Character Identification) and reformed Bengali typography into an alphabet (actually abugida) of twelve vowels and forty consonants.
  • He received the title of 'Vidyasagar' which means Ocean of Knowledge from Sanskrit College, Calcutta, due to his excellent performance in Sanskrit studies and philosophy.
Keshab Chandra Sen
  • He was a Hindu philosopher, Brahmo Samajist, and social reformer.
  • In 1854, he became the secretary of the Asiatic Society.
  • In 1855, he established the British India Society.
  • In 1857, he joined the Brahmo Samaj and took up studying philosophy.
  • He founded the Indian Reform Association in 1870 after returning from a European visit.
  • He formed the Nabo Bidhan (New Dispensation) in 1881 which intended to incorporate the best principles of Christianity and western spirituality with Hinduism.

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