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The first Muslim incursions on Deccan occurred during the reign of
1. Balban
2. Raziya
3. Jalaluddin Khalji
4. Firoz Tughluq

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Jalaluddin Khalji

The correct answer is Jalaluddin Khalji.

  • The first Muslim incursions on Deccan occurred during the reign of Jalaluddin Khalji.
  • The founder of the Khilji dynasty was Jalal-Ud-din Firuz Khalji.
  • He was also called “Clemency Jalal-uddin” as he followed peace and wanted to rule without violence.
  • He appointed Ala-ud-din Khilji as the Governor of Kara. Alauddin was his son-in-law and also nephew.
  • Jalal-ud-din was treacherously murdered by Ala-Ud-din Khilji his son-in-law.

Balban
  • Ghiyas-ud-din Balban was the ninth sultan of the Mamluk dynasty of Delhi.
  • Balban consolidated the administrative setup of the empire and completed the work started by Iltutmush.
Raziya
  • She was the first female Sultan of India in 1236.
  • She ruled in Delhi from 1236 to 1240.
  • She succeeded her father Shams-ud-din Iltutmish and turned into the Sultanate of Delhi.
Firoz Tughluq
  • He was the third ruler of the Tughlaq dynasty after the death of Mohammad-bin Tughlaq.
  • He imposed Jizya tax on all non-Muslims and did not even exempt Brahmins and beggers as done by his predecessors.
  • He built Feroz Shah Kotla (Kotla means fortress), peppered Delhi with gardens, constructed canals, hunting lodges, and repaired Qutub Minar, Hauz Khas (royal tank), and Surajkund (lake of the Sun).

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