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The speed of an engine varies from 110 rad/s to 90 rad/s. During cycle, the change in kinetic energy is found to be 200 N-m. The inertia of the flywheel in kg-m2 is:


1. 0.2
2. 0.8
3. 0.1
4. 0.4

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : 0.1

Concept:

As the speed of the flywheel changes from maximum and minimum speeds i.e. ω1 to ω2, the maximum fluctuation of energy:

\({\rm{Δ }}E = I{ω ^2}{C_s}\)

Mean Speed, \(ω = \frac{{{ω _1}\ +\ {ω _2}}}{2} \)

Coefficient of fluctuation of speed, \({C_s} = \frac{{{ω _1}\ -\ {ω _2}}}{ω } \)

Calculation:

Given:

ω1 = 110 rad/s, ω2 = 90 rad/s, ΔE = 200 N-m

\(ω = \frac{{{ω _1}\ +\ {ω _2}}}{2} =\frac{110\;+\;90}{2}=100\) rad/s

\({C_s} = \frac{{{ω _1}\; - \;{ω _2}}}{ω } = \frac{{110\ -\ 90}}{{100}} = \frac{{20}}{{100}}=0.2\)

\(I= \frac{{{\rm{Δ }}E}}{{{ω ^2}{C_s}}} = \frac{{200}}{{{{\left( {100} \right)}^2}\ \times\ 0.2}} = 0.1\)

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