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Which part of the Indian Constitution enshrines the provision for a single integrated judiciary having jurisdiction in all judicial cases?
1. Part XX
2. Part II
3. Part III
4. Part V

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : Part V

The correct answer is Part V.

  • The relation between Judiciary and Constitution is that Constitution empowers Judiciary to act as the Guardian of the Law.
  • Therefore in common language can say Judiciary is itself a constitution but this does not mean that the court has unlimited power because in India the doctrine of Constitutionalism is also applied.
  • However, there is a number of provisions that specifically deal with the Indian Judiciary role, power & function, and appointment of the officer.

  • Under the Constitution of India, the major provisions are-
    • Part V - Chapter IV - Deals with Union Judiciary i.e., Supreme Court - appointment & removal, role & function
    • Part VI - Chapter V - Deals with High Court - appointment & removal, role & function.
    • Part VI - Chapter VI- Deals with Subordinate Courts - appointment & removal, role & function.
    • Article 50 - Independence of Judiciary - which separates the judiciary from the executive.
    • Other provisions are also under various parts & Articles which deal with the court's responsibility.

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