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With reference to Simon Commission's recommendations, which one of the following statements is correct?
1. It recommended the replacement of diarchy with responsible government in the provinces.
2. It proposed the setting up of interprovincial council under the Home Department.
3. It suggested the abolition of bicameral legislature at the Centre.
4. It recommended the creation of Indian Police Service with a provision for increased pay and allowances for British recruits as compared to Indian recruits.

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : It recommended the replacement of diarchy with responsible government in the provinces.

The correct answer is It recommended the replacement of diarchy with responsible government in the provinces.

 

  • Simon Commission came in 1927.
  • Diarchy was proposed in the Government of India Act, 1919.
  • It was replaced with the Provincial Autonomy in the  Government of India Act, 1935.

 

  • The recommendations of the Simon Commission were published in May 1930. 
    • Dyarchy in the provinces should be abolished and ministers should be made responsible to the provincial legislatures in all departments, including the department of law and order.
    • The Governor was to retain the special powers for the safety and tranquility of the province and for the protection of the minorities.
    • He would also have full powers of intervention in the event of a breakdown of the constitution.
    • The Franchise was to be extended and legislatures were to be enlarged.
    • At the center, a Federal assembly would be constituted on the basis of representation of the provinces and other areas as per the population.
    • The council of state would continue as the Upper House but its members would be chosen not on the basis of the direct election but on the basis of indirect election by the Provincial councils.
    • No change in the central executive.
    • The All-India Federation was not considered a practical idea for immediate execution.
    • Burma should be separated from British India and should be provided a constitution of its own.

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