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Which article of the Indian constitution provides for the institution of Panchayati Raj?
1. Article 38
2. Article 44
3. Article 40
4. Article 48

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Article 40

The correct answer is Article 40.

  • Article 40:
    • Article 40 of the constitution directs to state to organize Village Panchayats as a unit of self-government.
    • Most states began implementing this Directive Principle along the lines of the recommendations of the government's Balwantrai Mehta Commission report.
    • 73rd Constitution Amendment Act, 1992 and 74th Constitution Amendment Act, 1992 inserted part IX (Panchayats) and part IXA (Municipalities) in the constitution respectively as well as XIth and XIIth schedule respectively.
    • Rajasthan was the first state to set up Panchayati Raj System in 1959 by Jawaharlal Nehru followed by Andhra Pradesh.

Article Deals with
38 State to secure a social order for the promotion of the welfare of the people
44 Uniform Civil Code for the citizens
48 To Prohibit the slaughter of cows, calves, and other milk and drought animals.

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