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When was the Arms Act passed by Lord Litton?
1. In 1880
2. In 1878
3. In 1879
4. In 1881

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : In 1878

The correct answer is In 1878.

  • Lord Litton passed the Indian Arms Act in 1878 according to which it was a criminal offence for Indians to carry arms without license.
  • This Act did not apply to the British.

  • Lord Lytton (1876-1880)
    • The Vernacular Press Act (1878)
    • The Arms Act (1878)
    • The Second Afghan War (1878-80)
    • Queen Victoria assumed the title of ‘Kaiser-i-Hind’ or Queen Empress of India

  • Governor-General of Bengal (1773-1833)
    • When East India Company came to India, it controlled Bengal through a post named Governor of Bengal.
    • The First Governor of Bengal was Robert Clive.
    • Other Presidencies, Bombay and Madras, had their own Governor.
  • After the passing of Regulating Act 1773
    • The posts of Governor of Bengal were converted into Governor-General of Bengal.
    • The First Governor-General of Bengal was Warren Hastings.
    • Through this Act Governor of Bombay and Madras worked under the Governor-General of Bengal.
  • Governor-General of India (1833-58)
    • By Charter Act of 1833, the post name of Governor-General of Bengal again converted into Governor-General of India 
    • The first Governor-General of India was William Bentinck.
    • This post was mainly for administrative purposes and reported to the Court of Directors of the East India Company.
  • Viceroy (1858-1947)
    • After the revolt of 1857, the company rule was abolished and India came under the direct control of the British crown.
  • Government of India Act 1858 
    • Changed the name of post-Governor General of India by Viceroy of India.
    • The Viceroy was appointed directly by the British government.
    • The first Viceroy of India was Lord Canning.

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