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Which of the following is a Harappan site located in Rajashan?
1. Mohenjo Daro
2. Suktagen Dor
3. Kalibangan
4. Lothal

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Kalibangan

The correct answer is Kalibangan.

  • Kalibangan in Rajasthan was a major provincial capital of the Indus Valley Civilization.
  • Kalibangan is distinguished by its unique fire altars and "world's earliest attested plowed field".
    • It is around 2900 BC that the region of Kalibangan developed into what can be considered a planned city.
  • The Indus Valley was home to the largest of the four ancient urban civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, and China.
  • Lothal is famous for the discovery of several ruins of the Indus Valley Civilization.
    • Lothal is located between the Sabarmati river and its tributary Bhogavo.

  • Rakhigarhi in Haryana is the largest Harappan site in the Indian subcontinent.
    • At Rakhigarhi, the excavations are being done to trace its beginnings and to study its gradual evolution from 6000 BCE (Pre-Harappan phase) to 2500 BCE.
      • The site was excavated by Amarendra Nath of ASI.
  • Major Findings at the Site:
    • the mature Harappan phase is represented by a planned township having mud-brick as well as burnt-brick houses with a proper drainage system.
    • A cylindrical seal with 5 Harappan characters on one side and a symbol of an alligator on the other is an important find from this site.
    • Recently, a study of DNA from skeletal remains excavated from the Harappan cemetery at Rakhigarhi found that the people in the Harappan Civilization have an independent origin.
  • Other large sites of Harappan civilization on the Indian sub-continent are Harappa, Mohenjodaro, and Ganveriwala in Pakistan and Dholavira (Gujarat) in India.
  • Mohenjo-Daro, group of mounds and ruins on the right bank of the Indus River, northern Sindh province, southern Pakistan.
    • It lies on the flat alluvial plain of the Indus, about 50 miles (80 km) southwest of Sukkur.

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