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'Sulh-i-Kul' was a policy introduced by
1. Akbar
2. Aurangzeb
3. Jahandar Shah
4. Mohammad Shah

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Akbar

The correct answer is Akbar.

  • Akbar introduced the idea of “Sulh-i-Kul”, which means universal peace.
  • Its objective was not to discriminate between people of different religions in Akbar's kingdom.
  • The new religion developed by Akbar known as Din-i-Ilahi has its genesis in Sulh-i-Kul.

Akbar
  • The great ruler of the Mughal Dynasty.
  • He abolished jajiya tax in 1564.
  • He set up Fatepursikri.
  • Transfer the capital from Agra to Fatehpur Sikri in 1571.
  • Founded Ibadat khana, a house of worship for all religions in 1575.
  • Founded Din-I-Ilahi in 1582.
  • Akbar appointed Tansen of Gwalior, in his court for music.
  • The navaratnas in Akbar’s court are- Abul Fazl, Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana, Birbal, Mulla Do-Piyaza Faizi, Raja Man Singh, Raja Todar Mal, Fakir Aziao-Din and Tansen.
Aurangzeb
  • He was the last seriously notable Mughal emperor.
  • He was called Darvesh or a Zinda Pir.
  • Aurangzeb built Biwi ka Makbara on the tomb of his queen Rabaud-Durani at Aurangabad, Moti Mahal within Red Fort at Delhi, and the Jami or Badshahi Mosque at Lahore.
Jahandar Shah
  • The Mughal emperor Jahandar Shah was the first puppet ruler in Mughal India.
  • He ascended the throne because of the support of a powerful Iranian Noble and his Wazir, Zulfiqar Khan.
  • He was defeated in the battle at Agra on 10 January 1713 by Farrukhsiyar, his nephew and the second son of Azim-ush-Shan, with the support of the Sayyid Brothers.
Mohammad Shah
  • He was a great patron of the arts, including musical, cultural, and administrative developments of the Mughal emperor.
  • He was known as Rangila.
  • He was given the title Abu Al-Fatah Nasir-ud-Din Roshan Akhtar Muhammad Shah and enthroned in the Red Fort.

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