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Which Mughal emperor wrote his own autobiography?
1. Babur
2. Akbar
3. Humanyun
4. Akbar II

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Babur

The correct answer is Babur.

  • Mughal Emperor Babur wrote his autobiography Baburnama.
  • The very first Mughal emperor and the founder of the Mughal dynasty. Babur brought gunpowder to India.
  • He is known for defeating:
    • Ibrahim Lodhi in the First Battle of Panipat (AD 1526).
    • Rana Sanga (Sangram Singh) at battle of Khanwa.
    • Medini Rai of Chenderi at Battle of Chanderi (AD 1528).
    • Mahmud Lodi at Battle of Ghagra (AD 1529).
  • Babur wrote Tuzuk-i-Baburi in the Turkish language.
  • He is the first Mughal emperor who declared Jehad and adopted the title Ghazi.

Akbar
  • The great ruler of the Mughal Dynasty.
  • He abolished jajiya tax in 1564.
  • He set up Fatepursikri.
  • Transfer the capital from Agra to Fatehpur Sikri in 1571.
  • Founded Ibadat khana, a house of worship for all religions in 1575.
  • Founded Din-I-Ilahi in 1582.
  • Akbar appointed Tansen of Gwalior, in his court for music.
  • The navaratnas in Akbar’s court are- Abul Fazl, Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana, Birbal, Mulla Do-Piyaza Faizi, Raja Man Singh, Raja Todar Mal, Fakir Aziao-Din and Tansen.
Shah Jahan
  • He was the 5th Mughal emperor, coming after Babur, Humayun, Akbar, and Jahangir, his father.
  • His mother was Princess Nur Jahan, a woman who had taken power over her husband during the last years of his reign, at a time when he had fallen into the grip of drugs.
  • The Taj Mahal, the Moti Mahal in Agra, and the Red Fort and Jama Masjid in Delhi were built by Shah Jahan.
Aurangzeb
  • He was the last seriously notable Mughal emperor.
  • He was called Darvesh or a Zinda Pir.
  • Aurangzeb built Biwi ka Makbara on the tomb of his queen Rabaud-Durani at Aurangabad, Moti Mahal within Red Fort at Delhi, and the Jami or Badshahi Mosque at Lahore.

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