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Who among the following discovered vaccination against anthrax?
1. Maurice Hilleman
2. Edward Jenner
3. Robert Koch
4. Louis Pasteur

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : Louis Pasteur

The correct answer is Louis Pasteur.

  • Louis Pasteur discovered vaccination against anthrax.

  • Louis Pasteur, a French biologist, microbiologist, and chemist, had made some remarkable discoveries in the field of science.
  • He was the first scientist to create vaccines for 
    • Fowl cholera; anthrax 
    • Major livestock disease
    • Rabies.
  • Born on December 27, 1822, in Dole, France, Pasteur was really fond of drawing.
  • Every year, his death anniversary is celebrated on World Rabies Day, on September 28, as he created a vaccine against this dreadful disease before his death in the year 1895.
  • Pasteur also worked to create a vaccine for anthrax.
  • In his experiment, Pasteur gave 25 animals two shots of an anthrax vaccine he had created with weakened anthrax bacteria.
  • After he gave both rounds of the vaccine to these animals, he injected them with live anthrax bacteria.

  • Edward Jenner, FRS FRCPE was an English physician and scientist who pioneered the concept of vaccines including creating the smallpox vaccine, the world's first vaccine.
  • Maurice Hilleman was responsible for developing more than 40 vaccines, including measles, mumps, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, meningitis, pneumonia, Haemophilus Influenza bacteria, and rubella.
  • His vaccines have been credited with saving millions of lives and with eradicating common childhood diseases.
  • German physician Robert Koch was one of the founders of bacteriology.
  • He discovered the anthrax disease cycle and the bacteria responsible for tuberculosis and cholera.
  • He received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1905 for his research on tuberculosis (TB).

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