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The first U.N. International Conference on Environment was held at
1. Rio de Janeiro
2. Kyoto
3. Stockholm
4. Johannesburg

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Stockholm

The correct answer is Sweden.

  • The first U.N. International Conference on Environment was held in Sweden.

  • The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment was an international conference convened under United Nations auspices held in Stockholm, Sweden from June 5 to 16, 1972.
  • The United Nations General Assembly convened the UNCHE at the request of the Swedish government.
  • It was the UN's first major conference on international environmental issues and marked a turning point in the development of international environmental politics.

  • UNCHE, also known as the Stockholm Conference, linked environmental protection with sustainable development.
  • The Stockholm Conference also produced concrete ideas on how governments could work together to preserve the environment.
  • The concepts and plans developed by the Stockholm Conference have shaped every international conference and treaty on the environment over the last 35 years.
  • Representatives from 113 nations and over 400 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) attended the Stockholm Conference.
  • The final declaration of the Stockholm Conference was an environmental manifesto that was a forceful statement of the finite nature of Earth’s resources and the necessity for humanity to safeguard them.
  • The Stockholm Conference also led to the creation of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in December 1972 to coordinate global efforts to promote sustainability and safeguard the natural environment.

  • Founder of UNEP - Maurice Strong.
  • Headquarter of UNEP - Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Executive Director of UNEP - Inger Andersen.

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