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Which folk dance of Uttarakhand is included in UNESCO’s intangible heritage list ?
1. Ramman
2. Chanchari
3. Chholiya
4. Jhumelo

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Ramman

The correct answer is Ramman.

  • Ramman folk dance of Uttarakhand is included in UNESCO’s intangible heritage list.

  • Ramman folk dance of Uttarakhand is included in UNESCO’s intangible heritage list in 2009.
  • Ramman is one of the religious and ritual festivals in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand at the twin villages of Saloor-Dungra in the Chamoli district.
  • The Ramman festival is mainly celebrated in April month of the year at the time of the Baisakhi festival ( Baisakh in local Garhwalidialectt).
  • Ramman is celebrated for 11 days or sometimes 13 days.
  • The Ramman festival is performed as an offering to the village deity called ‘Bhumiya Devta’ in the courtyard of Bhumiya Devta temple.
  • The tradition of paying respect to the guardian deity of Saloor-Dungra, Bhumichetrapal, also known as Bhumiyal Devta is generally the idea behind the festival, it is believed to be a harvest festival that also marks the beginning of the Hindu Solar New Year.
  • The festival is started with the calling of Lord Ganesha, “Vighnaharta”, a demolisher of obstacles.
  • The most important aspect of this performance is the singing of ‘Jagar’, a musical compilation of local legends.
  • The performance has 18 participants, playing 18 characters wearing 18 masks, dancing on 18 beats to celebrate the 18 Puranas.
  • The ritual theatre is held in the courtyard of Bhumiya Devta temple in Saloor Village.

Chanchari

  • ​Chanchari dance is a folk dance practiced in the borders of Kumaon and Garhwal regions of Uttarakhand state of India.
  • The term Chanchari is derived from the Sanskrit word "Charchari" which means song integrated with dance rhythm.
  • This traditional freestyle dance is similar to the Jhoda dance of Uttarkhand- Garhwal.
  • The subject of the dance mostly revolves around love rapture.
  • This dance also attracts a huge crowd during fairs.

Chholiya

  • Choliya dance is a famous folk dance of Uttarakhand and is organized every year in Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand.
  • This dance is a reflection of mythological warfare and soldiers.
  • The Choliya dance presents the scene of post-war celebrations.
  • All dance artists disguise mythical soldiers and perform battle with sword and shield.
  • It is especially popular in the districts of AlmoraBageshwarChampawat, and Pithoragarh of the Kumaon division and has even spread to the Garhwal division.

Jhumelo

  • Jhumelo dance expresses the anguish and love of the female heart.
  • The meaning of the word Jhumelo seems to be related to “Jhoom Lo”.
  • Jhumelo seems to be a wonderful confluence of rhythmic folk dances, makeup, and disconnection.
  • This folk dance is very famous in both the Garhwal and Kumaon regions of Uttarakhand.

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