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The first country to introduce the institution of Ombudsman (Lokpal) was
1. Sweden
2. Norway
3. Finland
4. Switzerland

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Sweden

The correct answer is Sweden.

  • The first country to introduce the institution of Ombudsman (Lokpal) was Sweden.

  • An Ombudsman is to be appointed and removed by the Legislature.
  • The demand for creating Ombudsmanin India was initially put forward by K. M. Munshi in 1960.
  • Santhanam Committee is the committee that recommended the establishment of an Ombudsman like an institution in India in 1964.
  • Lokpal is an anti-corruption authority constituted at the center.
  • It is modelled on the Ombudsman system in Scandinavian countries.
  • The word Lokpal was coined by L.M. Singvi in 1963.
  • The concept of Lokpal was suggested by Ashoke Kumar Sen in 1960.
  • The Lokpal bill was first introduced in the Lok Sabha by Shanti Bhooshan in 1968.
  • Lokpal consists of 9 members including Chairperson. Of these 50% of members are from Judicial background.

  • The current Chairperson of Lokpal - Pinaki Chandra Ghose.
  • Lokpal bill assented by Pranab Mukherjee.
  • Lokpal bill came into force - 16 January 2014.
  • The person who struggled for a Lokpal - Anna Hazare.

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