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Which constitutional amendment provided reservation to women in Panchayats ?
1. 72nd
2. 73rd
3. 74th
4. 75th

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : 73rd

The correct answer is 73rd.

  • 73rd Constitutional amendments provided reservation to women in Panchayats.

  • The 73rd Amendment Act, 1992 has added a new part IX consisting of 16 Articles (Article 243 to 243-O) and the 11th Schedule to the Constitution.
  • The 73rd Amendment envisages the Gram Sabha as the foundation of the Panchayat Raj System to perform functions and powers entrusted to it by the State Legislatures.
  • It provides for a 3-tier Panchayat system, which would be constituted in every state at the village level, intermediate level, and district level.
  • The Constitutional Amendment was to ensure that 50% of total seats filled by direct elections in every panchayat be reserved for women.
  • There is a provision of reservation of seats for SCs and STs at every level of Panchayat.
  • The seats are to be reserved for SCs and STs in proportion to their population at each level.
  • The Constitutional Amendment Act provides for the reservation not less than one-third (including the number of seats reserved for women belonging to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes) of the total number of seats to be filled by direct election in every Panchayat shall be reserved for women and such seats may be allotted by rotation to different constituencies in a Panchayat.
  • The 73rd Amendment Act was passed in 1992.
  • The 73rd Amendment Act came into effect on 24 April 1993.

  • 74th Amendment Act 1992
    • The 74th Amendment Act, 1992 has added a new part IXA consisting of 18 Articles (Article 243P to 243-ZG) and the 12th Schedule to the Constitution.
    • The 74th Amendment Act, 1992 has to constitutionally recognize municipal governments.
    • It made municipal governments a formal part of the three-tier governing system, along with the Union Government and the State Governments.
    • The 74th Amendment Act, urban areas would be governed by one of the three mentioned types of urban local governments namely the Nagar Panchayat, Municipal Council, and Municipal Corporation based on the size of the area.
      • Nagar Panchayats were to administer areas in transition from rural to urban areas.
      • Municipal councils to administer small urban areas.
      • Municipal corporations for larger urban areas.
    • The 74th Amendment Act was passed in 1992.
    • The 74th Amendment Act came into effect on 1st June 1993.
  • 72ndAmendment Act 1992
    • To make temporary provision for the determination of the number of seats reserved for the Scheduled Tribes in the State assembly of Tripura until the re-adjustment of seats is made on the basis of the first census after the year 2000 under Article 170 of the Constitution.
  • 75thAmendment Act 1994
    • It Provided the establishment of rent tribunals for the adjudication of disputes with respect to rent, its regulation and control, and tenancy issues including the rights, title, and interest of landlords and tenants.

  • Father of Panchayati Raj in India -  Balwant Rai Mehta.
  • National Panchayati Raj Day - April 24.
  • Article 243D - Provide reservation for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes in every Panchayat.

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