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The first human heart transplant was performed in
1. America
2. England
3. South Africa
4. France

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : South Africa

The correct answer is South Africa.

  • The first human heart transplant was performed in South Africa.
  • First human heart transplant:
    • The first human heart transplant was performed on December 3, 1967.
    • The operation was led by a surgeon named Christiaan Barnard, in Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa.
    • At the time, it was one of the most widely publicized events in the world.
    • Louis Washkansky was the recipient of the heart.
    • The donor was Denise Darvall, a 25-year-old woman who had been fatally injured in a car accident.

  • This first heart transplant and subsequent ongoing research in cardiac transplantation at the University of Cape Town and in a few other dedicated centres over the subsequent 15 years laid the foundation for heart transplantation to become a well-established form of therapy for end-stage cardiac disease.
  • During this period from 1968 to 1983, Chris Barnard and his team continued to make major contributions to organ transplantation, notably the development of the heterotopic heart transplants; advancing the concept of brain death, organ donation and other related ethical issues; better preservation and protection of the donor's heart (including hypothermic perfusion storage of the heart; studies on the haemodynamic and metabolic effects of brain death; and even early attempts at xenotransplantation.

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