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Which of the following statements is correct?
1. In 1857, the Maharajas of Darbhanga, Dumraon, and Hatwa and their fellow landlords helped the English with men and Money.
2. In, 1857, the Maharajas of Darbhanga, Dumraon, and Hatwa and their fellow landlords helped the English with men but not with Money.
3. In, 1857, the Maharajas of Darbhanga, Dumraon, and Hatwa and their fellow landlords helped the English with money but not with men.
4. In, 1857, the Maharajas of Darbhanga, Dumraon, and Hatwa and their fellow landlords opposed the English.

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : In 1857, the Maharajas of Darbhanga, Dumraon, and Hatwa and their fellow landlords helped the English with men and Money.

The correct answer is In 1857, the Maharajas of Darbhanga, Dumraon, and Hatwa and their fellow landlords helped the English with men and Money.

  • The revolt at Danapur Cantt marked the widespread beginning of the revolt in Bihar on 25 July 1857 but the Maharajas of Darbhanga, Dumrao, and Hatwa and their fellow landlords helped the British with man-power and money in crushing the revolt.
  • After the revolt of 1857, a broken and defeated Nanasaheb Peshwa took it with him to Nepal where it was sold to Rana Jung Bahadur, the prime minister and virtual ruler of Nepal for a pittance.
  • The Rana extracted all the main emeralds and rubies from it and reduced it in size. The Rana’s successor in turn sold it to the only person who could afford it at that time – The Raja of Darbhanga.

  • The Patna uprising of Pir Ali was the first major incident in Bihar during the revolt of 1857.
  • Pir Ali was a bookseller at Patna.
  • On 3 July 1857 Pir Ali and his associates killed Dr. Lyell, the Opium agent of Britishers at Patna.
  • Pir Ali was hanged on 7 July 1857 on the charge of the murder of Dr. Lyell.
  • After the Patna uprising on 25 July, 1857 soldiers at the Danapur cantonment mutinied.
  • Three regiments of Danapur soldiers met Kunwar Singh on 26 July and organized widespread revolt in Bihar under his leadership.
  • The revolt by Kunwar Singh:-
    • He was a local zamindar of Jagdishpur in Arrah, Bihar.
    • At the age of 80, he led a select band of Armed soldiers against the troops under the command of the British East India Company.
    • He was the chief organizer of the fight against the British in Bihar.
    • He is popularly known as Babu Veer Kunwar Singh.
    • He used the Gorilla warfare technique.
    • In his last battle, fought on 23 April 1858 near Jagdishpur the troops under the control of the East India Company were completely routed. 
    • On 22 and 23 April, being injured he fought Bravely against the British Army, and with the help of his army drove away from the British Army. 
    • Brought down the union jack from Jagdishpur fort and hoisted his Flag. He returned to his palace on 23 April 1858 and soon died on 26 April 1858.

  • Causes of Revolt of 1857:
    • Heavy taxation
    • The ruin of the Indian Industry
    • Policies like Subsidiary Alliance and the Doctrine of Laps
    • Enfield Rifle containing Grease cartridge made of pig and cow fat which heart the religious sentiments of both Hindus and Muslims soldiers of British.
  • Lord Canning was Governor-General during the Revolt of 1857.
  • Centers of Revolt and Their leaders:
Place Leader
Delhi Bahadur Shah and General Bakht Khan
Kanpur Nana Sahi, Tantya Tope and Azimullah Khan
Jhansi Rani Lakshmi Bai
Lucknow Begum Hazrat Mahal
Faizabad Maulvi Ahmadullah
Bareilly Khan Bahadur Khan
Barrackpore   Mangal Pandey
Arrah Kunwar Singh

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