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In which of the following states is overgrazing responsible for land degradation?
1. Jharkhand and Odissa
2. Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan
3. Punjab and Haryana
4. Kerala and Tamil Nadu

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan

The correct answer is Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.

  • Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan are the states that are affected by overgrazing.
  • Overgrazing results in increased trampling of soil by livestock, which increases soil compaction (Fuls, 1992) and thus, decreases the permeability of the soil. This impermeability is what increases runoff and soil erosion. With continued overutilization of land for grazing, there is an increase in degradation.
  • Overgrazing is one of the main reasons for land degradation in many parts of the country.
  • Due to overgrazing by cattle, the cover of vegetation almost gets removed from the land. The soil becomes exposed and gets eroded by the action of strong wind, rainfall, etc.
  • When the grasses are removed, the soil becomes loose and susceptible to the action of wind and water.
  • Due to overgrazing land become open for erosion.
  • Other states which are affected by overgrazing are Gujarat and Maharashtra.

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