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Who raised the demand of 'Complete Independence' for the first time in 1921?
1. Maulana Muhammad Ali
2. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
3. Mahatama Gandhi
4. Maulana Hasrat Mohani

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : Maulana Hasrat Mohani

The correct answer is Maulana Hasrat Mohani.

  • Maulana Hasrat Mohani was the first congress activist to demand complete independence (Poorna Swaraj) from the British in the Ahmedabad session of congress in 1921.
    • Mohani was a noted poet of the Urdu language.
    • Famous works of Mohani are Kulliyat-e-Hasrat Mohani, Nukaat-e-Sukhan, Mushahidaat-e-Zindaan, etc.
    • The Purna Swaraj declaration was promulgated by the Indian National Congress on 19 December 1929 in its Lahore session under the presidentship of Jawaharlal Nehru.
    • The declaration was passed due to the breakdown of negotiations between leaders of the freedom movement and the British over the question of dominion status for India.
    • In the Calcutta Session of Congress in 1906, Dadabhai Naoroji had placed Swaraj as a national demand.
    • It was the first time that the demand for self-government or swaraj, like that of the UK and other colonies, was raised from the platform of the Congress.

  • Muhammad Ali Jauhar is also known as Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar.
    • He was an Indian Muslim activist, journalist, and poet.
    • He was among the leading figures of the Khilafat Movement.
    • He was an Alumni of the Aligarh Movement.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru was the first prime minister of independent India (1947–64), who established parliamentary government and became noted for his neutralist (nonaligned) policies in foreign affairs.
    • He was also one of the principal leaders of India’s independence movement.

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