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Transformation of meristematic cells into specific permanent tissues occurs by the process of
1. Cell differentiation
2. Cell division
3. Cell multiplication
4. Cell regeneration

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Cell differentiation

The correct answer is cell differentiation.

  • Plant tissues are of two types, meristematic and permanent.
  • Meristematic tissues:
    • The growth of plants occurs only in certain specific regions.
    • This is because the dividing tissue, also known as meristematic tissue, is located only at these points.
    • Depending on the region where they are present, meristematic tissues are classified as apical, lateral, and intercalary.
  • Permanent tissues:
    • ​Cells formed by meristematic tissues take up a specific role and lose the ability to divide.
    • As a result, they form a permanent tissue.
    • This process of taking up a permanent shape, size, and function is called differentiation.
    • Cells of meristematic tissue differentiate to form different types of permanent tissue.

  • The division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same genetic material is called cell division.
  • The process by which cells multiply involving both nuclear and cytoplasmic division is called cell multiplication.
  • Cell regeneration is the natural process of replacing or restoring damaged or missing cells, tissues, organs, and even entire body parts to full function in plants and animals.

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