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'New Lamps for Old' was a series of articles (1893-94) that criticized the Congress for being out of touch with the 'proletariat'. Who was the author of these articles?
1. Aurobindo Ghose
2. A.O.Hume
3. G.K.Gokhale
4. B.G.Tilak

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Aurobindo Ghose

The correct answer is Aurobindo Ghose.

  • "New Lamps for Old" was written by Shri Aurobindo Ghose and published in 1893.
  • He was a philosopher, yogi, guru, poet, and nationalist of India.
  • He criticized Moderate politics through a series of articles.
  • From 1902 to 1910 Aurobindo took part in the struggle to free India from the British Raj (rule).
  • As a result of his political activities, he was imprisoned in 1908
  • In Pondichéry he founded a community of spiritual seekers, which took shape as the Sri Aurobindo Ashram in 1926.
  • The evolutionary philosophy underlying Aurobindo’s integral yoga is explored in his main prose work, The Life Divine (1939). 
  • His major works include Essays on the Gita (1922), Collected Poems and Plays (1942), The Synthesis of Yoga (1948), The Human Cycle (1949), The Ideal of Human Unity (1949), Savitri: A Legend and a Symbol (1950), and On the Veda (1956).

  • A.O. Hume was a political figure and administrator.
  • He was also an enthusiastic bird watcher and one of the pioneers of birding in India.
  • He was an ornithologist and wrote many volumes about his experiences in List of Birds in India.
  • He also authored Agricultural Reform in India, among his many works, apart from writing poetry.
  • Gopal Krishna Gokhale was an Indian social reformer, educator, politician, president of the Indian National Congress, and Mahatma Gandhi's political guru.
  • Gopal Krishna Gokhale was one of the wisest moderate leaders of the Indian National Congress.
  • Gopal Krishna Gokhale propagated the idea of self-rule in India and became the voice of Indians who wanted freedom from British rule.
  • In 1905, he was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress.
  • He established the 'Servants of India Society" in 1905 with the aim of providing training to the people to devote themselves to the service of India as national missionaries. 
  • Bal Gangadhar Tilak was an Indian scholar, mathematician, philosopher, and ardent nationalist.
  • He worked to lay the foundation for India’s independence by building his own defiance of British rule into a national movement.
  • He founded the Indian Home Rule League in 1914 and served as president of it.
  • In 1916 he concluded the Lucknow Pact with Mohammed Ali Jinnah, which provided for Hindu-Muslim unity in the nationalist struggle.

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